Technical Notes

Different types of printing process: monoprint, linocut, collagraph etc have their specific ‘natural’ effect. For a history of the different techniques used in Printmaking 1 see:

Monoprint Techniques

Linocut Techniques (single colour, multiplate and reduction)

Woodcut techniques: Japanese woodcut, German Expressionist woodcut

Collagraph Techniques

Chine Colle Techiques

Each of the above can also be varied to produce a wide range of effects and mood. And the different techniques can be combined in an infinite number of variations.

  • There are many different types of plate – from metal to lino to potatoes. Each has different properties in affecting the qualities of line that can be produced, textures and how they absorb the ink and interact with the paper.
  • Different types of drawing implement can be used to produce different qualities of line or shape. They can also be used on the back of the paper to draw down into the ink. Or to incise through the ink on the front of the paper.
  • Different types of paper can enhance or contrast with the qualities of the plate – underlying or showing through the printed image.
  • Different types of ink give different layering effects, degrees of transparency and possibilities for texturing and combining colours.
  • Even the subtleties of the printing process itself affect the final image – the precise pressure of the printing press, whether the paper is placed on top or below the plate, is dry or damp to absorb the ink in different ways or whether the sensitivity of hand printing is used and in which parts of the image.

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